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Bioelectronics Laboratory


Leadership Team

George Malliaras  

George Malliaras is the Prince Philip Professor of Technology at the University of Cambridge. He received a PhD from the University of Groningen and did a postdoc at the IBM Almaden Research Center. Before joining Cambridge, he was a faculty member at Ecole des Mines de St. Etienne and at Cornell University, and served as the Director of the Cornell NanoScale Facility. His research has been recognized with awards from the New York Academy of Sciences, the US National Science Foundation, and DuPont. He is a Fellow of the Materials Research Society and of the Royal Society of Chemistry.

Email:  • Tel:+44 1223 748312 • @georgemalliaras

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Damiano G. Barone is Clinical Lecturer in Neurosurgery at the University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine. He graduated in medicine from the University of Naples and is now training as a neurosurgeon with specialist interest in peripheral nerve and skull base surgery. He was awarded a PhD in Clinical Neurosciences at the University of Cambridge, supported by a Wellcome Trust Translational Medicine and Therapeutics PhD Fellowship, and completed a post-doc in Prof. Malliaras’ lab. Damiano works together with Professors Manohar Bance and George Malliaras on the development and clinical application of biohybrid neural implants, combining stem-cell derived cells and neural interfaces to restore loss of neurological function.

Email: • Tel: +44 1223 762412 • @baronedg

Research Associates


Alejandro Carnicer Lombarte received his BA in Biological Natural Sciences from the University of Cambridge in 2013. In 2014, he received his MSc in Neuroscience from University College London, where he designed and developed biocompatible thick-film electrode arrays. Through the MRC/Sackler Doctoral Training Programme, Alejandro studied the link between mechanics and implant rejection, and developed chronically-stable soft neural implants as part of his PhD thesis. With support from the Wellcome Trust Junior Interdisciplinary Fellowship, Alej is currently developing peripheral nerve prostheses in collaboration with the group of Prof. Jenny Morton.


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Sanggil Han is currently a Postdoctoral Research Associate at the University of Cambridge. He received his PhD from the University of Cambridge in 2018 and MSc from Seoul National University in 2013, both in Electrical Engineering. He worked at Hynix, Korea. He has a strong background in device physics and material characterization. His current research focuses on the development of implantable probes that combine metabolite and ion sensors with electrophysiology devices.



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Johannes Gurke received his diploma as well as his doctoral degree both in physical organic chemistry from the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany in 2019. Under guidance of Prof. Stefan Hecht he gained detailed experience in the design, preparation, and characterization of various molecular photoswitches. In his past research he successfully interconnected photochemical with acid-base equilibria, achieving among others a significant, light-induced pKa-change without thermal interconversion. As a postdoctoral researcher in Cambridge he aims for the merging of photopharmacology with implantable optoelectronics and electrophoretic drug delivery. His research is funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG).


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Magda Gerigk received her Bachelor of Engineering in Biotechnology in 2012 and her MSc in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Molecular Biology in 2013, both from Gdansk University of Technology, Poland. From 2014 to 2015 she worked within the Department of Cell, Integrative and Developmental Biology at the University of Alabama, Birmingham, USA, where she used mouse models of brain tumours to study gliomagenesis. From 2015 to 2019 she undertook a PhD project within the Department of Engineering at the University of Cambridge. Working in Dr Yan Yan Shery Huang’s Biointerface group, Magda developed and validated a microfluidic-based platform for investigating the interactions between brain tumour stem cells and normal brain vasculature. As a post-doctoral researcher funded by EPSRC IRC in Targeted Delivery for Hard-to-Treat Cancers, her current focus is on developing an implantable drug delivery device that could be used for the treatment of brain cancer.


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Ivan B. Dimov received his MChem in chemistry from Oxford University, with a final year project in droplet interface bilayers, supervised by Prof. Hagan Bayley. He then moved to the University of Cambridge, for a PhD, as part of the EPSRC NanoDTC. His project was on mechanically matching neuroelectronic devices to brain and nerve tissue, supervised jointly by Dr. Kristian Franze and Prof. Henning Sirringhaus. Currently, Ivan is doing a postdoc in the Bioelectronic laboratory, in the area of wearable bioelectronics, as part of the EPSRC-funded PNEUMACRIT project for monitoring lung function in pre-term infants.


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Alexander Boys received his B.S. in Materials Science and Engineering from Lehigh University (Bethlehem, PA, US) and his M.S. and Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from Cornell University (Ithaca, NY, US), where he was co-advised by Prof. Lara Estroff and Prof. Lawrence Bonassar. Alex’s Ph.D. research focused on the characterization and subsequent tissue engineering of orthopedic interfaces through an F31 Fellowship from the US NIH and an EAPSI Fellowship from the US NSF. Alex began his postdoctoral research at the University of Cambridge in 2019, working on bioelectronic tissue engineered systems with Dr. Róisín Owens in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology. Alex is currently working jointly with Dr. Owens and Prof. Malliaras through a HFSP Cross-Disciplinary Fellowship on the development of tissue engineered neural implants for the gut.



Iwan Roberts is a Rosetrees Trust Enterprise Fellow in the Department of Clinical Neuroscience at the University of Cambridge, in  collaboration with the group of Prof. Manohar Bance. With a multidisciplinary background, Iwan completed a MPhys Physics degree at Durham University followed by a PhD in the EPSRC MRC CDT for Regenerative Medicine at the University of Manchester focussing on tissue engineering of contractile tissues. His current research focusses on the development of 3D printed artificial cochlea to study the electrical properties of cochlear implant stimulation as well as the mechanical properties of insertion to improve cochlear implant machine-neural interfacing and reduce insertion trauma, respectively. Furthermore, his research also involves finite element modelling, neural cell culture on microelectrode arrays and study of fibrosis on electrode implants. Additionally, Iwan is a keen supporter scientific entrepreneurship and innovation and leads the global Innovation Forum network of entrepreneurial scientists.



Scott T. Keene received his BA in Materials Science and Engineering from the University of Washington in 2015. In 2020, he received his Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from Stanford University where he worked in Prof. Alberto Salleo’s group as a Stanford Graduate Fellow. During his doctoral training, Scott developed wearable biosensors for detection of analytes in sweat as well as organic neuromorphic devices for artificial neural network accelerators and neurological interfacing. His current research in the Bioelectronics Laboratory focuses on understanding the fundamental physics of electrochemical doping in organic mixed ionic-electronic conductors.


Graduate Students

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Anastasios Polyravas received his B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Thessaloniki, Greece, in 2017. He specialised in the field of Electronic & Computer Engineering. He did his Master thesis on the programming and recording of signals in microprocessors, such as Arduino. As a Ph.D. student, Anastasios is developing and characterising organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs) for brain-computer interfaces (BCIs).


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Tanya Mangoma obtained her integrated Masters in Materials Science and Engineering from the University of Manchester in 2017. As part of her studies, she undertook a year-long industrial placement where she focused on characterisation of electro-mechanical losses during the manufacture of piezoelectric actuators. She also carried out research on the development of microscope-based Digital Image Correlation as a tool for direct measurement of shear piezoelectric properties. For her final year dissertation, Tanya worked on further developing emerging Lab based X-ray tomographic techniques which have elemental mapping capabilities. She joined the Centre for Doctoral Training in Ultra Precision Engineering at the University of Cambridge in October 2017, working jointly with the group of Dr Ronan Daly.


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Amy Rochford received her B.Sc. in Biomedical Sciences from Cardiff University in 2015. In 2017, she earned her M.Sc. in Nanotechnology and Regenerative Medicine from University College London, where she investigated the effect of micro-surface topography on the development of twitching muscle. As a PhD student, Amy is developing Biohybrid Neural Implants. This Biohybrid technology combines induced Pluripotent Stem Cell (iPSC) derived cells and flexible electronics to restore lost neurological function in a peripheral nerve injury model.


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Shao-Tuan Chen received his BSc in Mechanical Engineering from the National Taiwan University in 2013. In 2016, he received his MPhil in Electrical Engineering from the University of Cambridge, where he developed an integrated microfluidic device for molecule concentration monitoring with application to disease detection. He also carried out research on the reliability enhancement for Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) devices, and techniques to improve the energy efficiency for low-power inertial sensors. As a PhD student, Shao-Tuan is developing computational model for electrophoretic drug delivery devices with aim to gain fundamental understanding of such devices and to improve the efficacy of targeted drug delivery treatment.


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Tobias Naegele received his BSc in Physics at the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms University of Bonn in Germany where he worked on the fabrication of three-dimensional photonic nanostructures. In 2018, he obtained his MSc in Physics at Imperial College London. In his M.Sc. dissertation work, he studied fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and applied it to the characterisation of nanostructures. Tobias is since 2018 member of the EPSRC Centre of Doctoral Training in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology at the University of Cambridge. In the Bioelectronics group he works as a PhD student on targeted drug delivery using metal-organic frameworks with Dr David Fairen-Jimenez and Dr Stephen Price.


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Sagnik Middya obtained his B. Tech in Electronics and Electrical Engineering (with a Biotechnology minor) from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Guwahati, India in 2017. During his studies he undertook a 3-month internship at the Fraunhofer Institute of Silicon Technology, Itzehoe, Germany where he worked on silicon micro-mirrors. After his graduation he worked for a year at IIT Guwahati as a Junior Research Fellow developing biosensors for point of care diagnosis of diseases (e.g. pancreatitis). He joined the Sensors CDT in 2018 and his present work involves fabricating transparent electrodes for in-vitro applications in collaboration with Dr Gabriele Kaminski.


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Ben Woodington received his B.Sc. in Chemistry from the University of Surrey in 2014, during which he completed a placement as a medical device scientist at Philips Respironics. Following his undergraduate studies he worked for Vectura plc as a research engineer, developing novel medical devices for respiratory drug delivery. In 2018 he joined the Sensor Technologies and Applications CDT. His current research focuses on using flexible and shape adaptive bioelectronics to sense and stimulate the central nervous system.


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Elise Jenkins studied her undergraduate bachelor (Hons) degree at Griffith University in the Gold Coast, Australia majoring in Electrical and Electronic Engineering. She did her honors dissertation in MEMs Vibration Energy Harvesting at the Nanoscience Centre at University of Cambridge. The focus of her dissertation was optimising mechanical reliability of the harvesters under large excitation conditions to produce maximum rectified power. She is now studying her PhD in engineering focusing on the technical development of electrophoretic ion pumps for targeted drug delivery in brain cancers.


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Santiago Velasco-Bosom received his B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Industrial Engineering from the Technical University of Madrid in 2019. He is specialised in Electronics. For his Master Thesis he investigated on the fabrication and response of patterned nanopillar structures used as biosensors. As a PhD student, Santiago is developing cutaneous electrodes to selectively stimulate small pain fibers in humans, in collaboration with Dr Michael Lee at the School of Clinical Medicine.


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Yi-Lin Yu received his medical degree (M.D.) from National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan. He completed the training course of residency and chief residency in the department of Neurological Surgery in Tri-Service General Hospital, Taiwan in 2017. He worked for Tri-Service General Hospital Penghu branch as an attending neurosurgeon since 2017 to 2019. As a PhD student, Yi-Lin is doing researches on biohybrid neural interface for restoration of neurological deficits such as hearing loss and spinal cord injury in collaboration with Prof. Manohar Bance.


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Nathan Jay received his MEng in Electronic Engineering and Nanotechnology from the University of York in 2016, where he worked with Schottky-type Field-Emitters for Scanning Electron Microscopy and researched a graphene membrane for in-situ electron microscopy. During his studies, he undertook a 3-month internship with York Probe Sources working on electron microscopes. He then joined the EPSRC Centre of Doctoral Training (MRes+PhD) in Graphene Technology and 2d-Materials at the University of Cambridge. During his MRes, he researched phase engineering of amorphous red phosphorus to 2d black phosphorus as well as ion-sensing applications of graphene. His current Ph.D. research focuses on high-density, biocompatible, and high-SNR OECTs for low risk and high-bandwidth neural interfacing.


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Malak Kawan received her B.S. from the University of Delaware in Neuroscience in 2017 with a minor in Chemistry. She obtained her masters from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology in 2019, where she was working on bioelectronics and the formation of supported lipid bilayers on organic electrochemical transistors for ion channel recordings. As a PhD student in Clinical Neurosciences, she is focusing on developing and applying biohybrid neural interfaces for spinal models to restore neurological functions in spinal cord injuries.


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Poppy Oldroyd received her integrated MEng in Biomedical Engineering from Imperial College London in 2020, where she specialised in bioelectronic engineering. Her Master's dissertation focused on electrical stimulation protocols for peripheral nerve repair. As a PhD student, Poppy is working in collaboration with Johnson Matthey to investigate composites of biocompatible conductive polymer and nanoparticles on JM-developed flexible electrode technology. Poppy was awarded an 1851 Royal Commission Industrial Fellowship to support her PhD research.


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Misaki Inaoka received her B.A. in Human Sciences from Waseda University, Japan, in 2017. In 2020, she obtained her M.Eng. from Osaka University, Japan. During her master’s programme, she worked as a research assistant at the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST). She developed a system that can generate a pseudo-environment for evaluating the noise immunity of biosensors.


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Asmaysinh Gharia received his bachelors degree in molecular and cell biology from the University of California Berkeley in 2018 with an emphasis in immunology. After graduation, he worked in developing microfluidic interfaces for silicon photonic biosensors at the University of California San Francisco with the ultimate goal of creating implantable nanoscale devices for highly personalized cancer therapy. He joined the bioelectronics lab in 2020 as a fellow of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-Oxford-Cambridge Scholars Program. As a PhD student, Asmaysinh strives to develop a MEMs platform to efficiently generate cellular immunotherapies in collaboration with Dr Iain Fraser at the NIH.


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Ankita Kaur Nagpal received her BSc (Hons) in Biochemistry from Queen Mary University of London in August 2020. In her undergraduate project, she was based at the Barts Cancer Institute where she investigated drug efficacy as a therapeutic approach for malignant tumours, targeting mechanisms of fibroblast activation. She is currently studying the MPhil Basic and Translational Neuroscience at Cambridge and developing a processing toolbox for electrophysiological recordings, obtained from implantable neural interfaces fabricated in the Bioelectronics lab.



Nuzli Karam received her BEng (Hons) in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Liverpool. For her undergraduate project, she worked on the development of carbon nanotube inkjet inks for integration with novel gas sensing devices. She is currently in her first year of the EPSRC funded Centre for Doctoral Training in Sensor Technologies at the University of Cambridge. For her MRes project, Nuzli is working on the fabrication of surface electroencephalography electrodes using inkjet printing techniques and PEDOT:PSS in combination with ionic liquids, in collboration with Prof. Manohar Bance.



Jiang Lei (Kiang Lei) received his medical degree (M.B.B.S) and M.Med (Orthopaedic Surgery) from the National University of Singapore. He completed orthopaedic surgery residency in Singapore General Hospital and was conferred the Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (Edinburgh) in 2020. As an MPhil student in clinical neurosciences, he is studying the use of novel bioelectronic devices in the restoration of motor function in spinal cord injury. His training is funded by the National Medical Research Council Research Training Fellowship.


Research Assistants

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Sam Hilton received his BSc in Biomedical Sciences from Durham University in 2013. He moved to Cambridge to take up a research assistant role at the Brain Repair Centre which aimed to understand the relationship between extracellular matrix chemistry and Alzheimer’s progression. This was followed by a two-year flow cytometry project in the Pathology department, which served to extend his experience in tissue processing, cell culture and immunohistochemistry. His role in the Bioelectronics lab involves testing prototype neural implants in-vivo and communicating the results to the team.



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Ryan Lin is a 4th year Information and Bioengineering student at the University of Cambridge. He has previously joined the Bioelectronics Laboratory as a summer intern, assisting with the development of electrophoretic drug delivery devices. Prior to that, Ryan has worked as a student researcher at Canada’s Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in the Focused Ultrasound Group, investigating non-invasive treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. For his MEng project, Ryan will be exploring the effects of tumour-treating fields (TTF) on glioblastomas and developing implantable devices to map tumour properties.


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Philip Allan is a fourth year undergraduate in the Department of Engineering. He is from Glasgow and enjoyes running and playing poker. His project is focussed on optimisation of an in vitro spinal cord model.


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Charalampos Maxoutis is a fourth-year student studying towards an MEng degree in Information and Computer Engineering. As an undergraduate student he completed an internship at the Centre for Bio-Inspired Technology at Imperial College London, where he worked on designing and implementing the GUI and patient management system of a portable Point-of-Care diagnosis platform for infectious diseases (Publication received “Best Demo Award” in the 2019 IEEE BioCAS). As an MEng student, Charalampos is working on the classification of neurons from electrophysiology recordings using Machine Learning algorithms.


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Elliot Krishek is a fourth year undergraduate in the Department of Engineering He works on rapid prototyping of cutaneous electrodes for wearable electronics.



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De-Shaine Murray received his MSci (2017) in Chemistry from the University of Birmingham followed by an MRes (2018) in Neurotechnology from Imperial College London. He is part of the EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Neurotechnology for Life and Health at Imperial College London working on his PhD, titled One Probe: A new device for non-penetrative monitoring of the injured brain under the supervision of Professor Martyn Boutelle. Currently, he is a visiting researcher at Cambridge for the duration of his PhD integrating the expertise of microdialysis and electrocorticography between his research groups to create OneProbe.


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Akhila Denduluri received her B.Sc. in Bioengineering from the University of California, Riverside (CA, USA). In 2015, she earned her MSE in Biomedical Engineering from Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore, MD, USA). During her Master’s, she worked on developing and assessing translational viability of nanoparticle-based gene delivery using fat-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for brain tumor therapy. She is a third year PhD student with the Knowles group in the department of Chemistry at the University of Cambridge. With support from the Gates Cambridge scholarship, she is working on developing novel microfluidic platforms for investigating cellular heterogeneity and electrical interactions in living systems. Currently, she is collaborating with the Malliaras group to design and fabricate porous, conducting cell-friendly biomaterials.

 Email: • @akhi_waveNgrain

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Divya Chari is Professor of Neural Tissue Engineering at the University of Keele School of Medicine. She is currently on a two year Visiting Academic Fellowship in the Bioelectronics Laboratory, funded by an EPSRC Healthcare Technologies Discipline Hopper award. She has a DPhil in Developmental Neurobiology from Oxford University. This was followed by postdoctoral work at Cambridge University’s Centre for Brain Repair and Veterinary Medicine, latterly funded by a four year UK Multiple Sclerosis Society Junior Fellowship. She joined the University of Keele in 2008 and recently set up the Keele Neural Tissue Engineering group. She also lead the medical school’s Medical Intercalated degree programme, the Medical Research programme (funded by the Academy of Medical Sciences and Wellcome Trust) and the Internationalisation Programme, which includes partnerships in Brasil, Shanghai, Bahrain and Ghana.


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Botian Huang received his B.E. and M.E. in Electronic Engineering from Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China in 2017 and 2020, respectively. He worked on AMOLED displays and thin film transistors. During that period, he took part in an exchange program with Waseda University, Japan and obtained a M.E. degree in 2018. As a PhD student, Botian is working on microelectrode arrays for neural activity recording and stimulation in collaboration with Prof. Manohar Bance.



Yongwoo Lee received his BSc in Electrical Engineering from the Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), South Korea, in 2018. He is a second year PhD student with the Bio-Printing and Printed Electronics (BIPP) group in the department of IT Engineering at the POSTECH, South Korea. His research focused on 3D flexible printed electronics. He is currently a visiting graduate student, working on development of design process for the fabrication of inkjet-printed organic electrochemical transistors for electrophysiological signal analysis at Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge.



Stephen O'Neill received his integrated MEng in chemical engineering from the University of Edinburgh in 2020. He undertook his MEng thesis project at Stanford University, which involved the development and integration of organic electronic materials for the wireless operation of biomedical devices. As a PhD student, Stephen is working on developing electrically conductive hydrogel materials for bioelectronic applications, in a collaboration with Prof. Oren Scherman in the Department of Chemistry. 


Administrative Assistant

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Kirsty Shepherd has been working in an administrative role within the University of Cambridge since 2004. She joined the Division of Electrical Engineering early in 2017 and is both PA to Professor George Malliaras and Administrator for the Bioelectronics Laboratory.

Email: • Tel:+44 1223 748380